‘Zone of Theoretical Visibility’ (ZTV) and ‘Zone of Visual Impact’ (ZVI) assessments are a study to determine how visible a new development would be in the landscape. Using up to date GIS (Geographic Information Systems) mapping techniques we are able to say to a high degree of accuracy where a development will be and won’t be seen, over a set distance.
What are ZTV & ZVI assessments?
Zone of Theoretical Visibility (ZTV) and Zone of Visual Influence (ZVI) assessments are computer generated studies utilising specialist software to identify the visibility of a scheme or development. The elevation point (or a multiple elevation points) of a development are tested against a virtual 3D terrain model. This provides a ‘heat map’ of visibility around the site.
Types of 3D Terrain Model
There are different types of terrain model to test against. The most basic is a bare-earth Digital Surface Model (DSM), giving the least accurate impression of visibility. This type of study assesses only the contoured landform without any landscape features such as trees or buildings in it. To increase pertinence, blocks of elevations can be added to the basic DSM model; for example, all houses in the area can be shown at 9 metres. This creates barriers to visibility and provides a more accurate evaluation of the visibility of a development. Finally, a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) can be used through the increasingly available LiDAR datasets. Dependent on the resolution used, a very detailed 3D elevation map of a landscape with features as small as 25cm across can be assessed.
What are ZTV and ZVI assessments for?
ZTV & ZVI assessments are a part of the LVIA (Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment) output. They provide a robust desktop study method for determining viewpoint locations. Along with on-site checks, they allow viewpoints to be selected accurately and appropriately, based on actual and not assumed visibility. Further, they give context and transparency to planning authorities, as they are able to see exactly why a Verified View is being presented from a particular viewpoint whilst others have been excluded. This provides complete transparency.
Why choose rbmp for your ZTV & ZVI Assessments?
We have years of experience providing cost effective ZTV & ZVI assessments for all types of projects; including:
- Residential Developments
- Listed Buildings and Estates
- Historic Sites
- Landmark Towers
- Commercial Schemes
- High Sensitivity Sites